Health care economics is a segment of economic study pertaining to the value, effectiveness, and efficiency in health care services.
Health care has many inputs and a variety of incumbents, namely insurance providers, administrators, governments, and pharmaceuticals.
Health care systems differ from nation to nation depending upon the level of economic development and the political system in place.
Health care can impact people beyond the person receiving and the person providing the care, causing positive and negative externalities.
Current issues in the U.S. health care system largely revolve around the significant policy changes resulting from the Affordable Care Act.