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Alternative Names Return to topConditions associated with jaundice
Definition Return to top
Jaundice-associated conditions are diseases or conditions that cause yellow skin (jaundice).
Causes Return to top
Jaundice is a sign of liver, gallbladder, or certain blood disorders. The skin and the eyes become yellow due to the buildup of bilirubin in the skin and "white" of the eye (sclera).
Conditions associated with jaundice include:
Gallbladder and bile duct disorders:
Symptoms Return to top
Other symptoms depend on the specific disorder:
Exams and Tests Return to top
Physical examination will show:
Specific tests vary, but will include blood liver function tests to determine how well the liver is working.
Other tests may include:
Treatment Return to top
All jaundice-associated conditions need to be diagnosed and treated. In some cases, you will only need observation, but always talk to your health care provider.
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
The outcome varies.
Possible Complications Return to top
Complications vary, but can include life-threatening liver failure.
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Contact your health care provider if you develop symptoms of jaundice.
Prevention Return to top
Prevention depends on the disorder that causes the jaundice.
References Return to top
Berk PD, Korenblat KM. Approach to the patient with jaundice or abnormal liver test results. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2007: chap 150.Update Date: 4/23/2009 Updated by: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; and George F. Lonstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.