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Jaundice-associated conditions

Contents of this page:


Jaundice infant
Jaundice infant
Cirrhosis of the liver
Cirrhosis of the liver
Exchange transfusion  - series
Exchange transfusion - series

Alternative Names    Return to top

Conditions associated with jaundice

Definition    Return to top

Jaundice-associated conditions are diseases or conditions that cause yellow skin (jaundice).

Causes    Return to top

Jaundice is a sign of liver, gallbladder, or certain blood disorders. The skin and the eyes become yellow due to the buildup of bilirubin in the skin and "white" of the eye (sclera).

Conditions associated with jaundice include:


Gallbladder and bile duct disorders:

Liver disorders:

Other causes:

Symptoms    Return to top

Other symptoms depend on the specific disorder:

Exams and Tests    Return to top

Physical examination will show:

Specific tests vary, but will include blood liver function tests to determine how well the liver is working.

Other tests may include:

Treatment    Return to top

All jaundice-associated conditions need to be diagnosed and treated. In some cases, you will only need observation, but always talk to your health care provider.

Outlook (Prognosis)    Return to top

The outcome varies.

Possible Complications    Return to top

Complications vary, but can include life-threatening liver failure.

When to Contact a Medical Professional    Return to top

Contact your health care provider if you develop symptoms of jaundice.

Prevention    Return to top

Prevention depends on the disorder that causes the jaundice.

References    Return to top

Berk PD, Korenblat KM. Approach to the patient with jaundice or abnormal liver test results. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier;2007: chap 150.

Update Date: 4/23/2009

Updated by: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; and George F. Lonstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

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