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Alternative NamesAbacterial cystitis; Radiation cystitis; Chemical cystitis; Urethral syndrome - acute
Definition Return to top
Noninfectious cystitis is irritation of the bladder that is not caused by a urinary tract infection.
Causes Return to top
Noninfectious cystitis is most common in women of childbearing years. The exact cause of noninfectious cystitis is often unknown. However, it has been associated with the use of bubble baths, feminine hygiene sprays, sanitary napkins, spermicidal jellies, radiation therapy to the pelvis area, and chemotherapy with certain types of medications, and other irritants.
Certain foods, such as tomatoes, artificial sweeteners, caffeinated products, chocolate, and alcohol, can cause irritative bladder symptoms.
See also: Interstitial cystitis
Symptoms Return to top
Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:
Exams and Tests Return to top
A urinalysis may reveal red blood cells (RBCs) and some white blood cells (WBCs).
A urine culture (clean catch) or catheterized urine specimen will reveal whether you have a bacterial infection.
If the cystitis is related to radiation or chemotherapy, urine tests and cystoscopy (use of lighted instrument to look inside the bladder) may be needed.
Treatment Return to top
The goal of treatment is to manage the symptoms.
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
Although most cases of cystitis are uncomfortable, they usually resolve over time.
Possible Complications Return to top
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Call your health care provider if you have symptoms of cystitis, or if you have been diagnosed with cystitis and symptoms worsen or new symptoms develop, especially fever, back or flank pain, and vomiting.
Prevention Return to top
Avoid using items that may be irritants such as bubble baths, feminine hygiene sprays, sanitary napkins or tampons (especially scented products), and spermicidal jellies.
If you need to use such products, try to find those that do not cause irritation for you.
References Return to top
Wein AJ, et al. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 9th ed. St. Louis, Mo: WB Saunders; 2007.
Stenchever MA, et al. Comprehensive Gynecology. 4th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby; 2001:831.Update Date: 1/24/2008 Updated by: Marc A. Greenstein, D.O., F.A.C.O.S. Urologist, Somerset Medical Center in Somerville, NJ. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.