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Alternative NamesStromal tumor; Gonadal stromal tumor; Sex cord tumor; Androblastoma
Definition Return to top
Arrhenoblastoma of the ovary is an ovarian tumor that releases the male hormone, testosterone, or other hormones.
Causes Return to top
This is a rare tumor. It accounts for less than 0.5% of all ovarian tumors.
These tumors are found in women of all age groups, but are most common in young women.
Symptoms Return to top
This tumor releases male hormones, which causes the following symptoms in women:
Exams and Tests Return to top
Treatment Return to top
Surgery is the main treatment. If the cancer has spread, chemotherapy or radiation therapy should be considered.
Support Groups Return to top
You can ease the stress of illness by joining a support group where members share common experiences and problems. See cancer - support group.
Outlook (Prognosis) Return to top
The outcome of this disease depends on whether it has spread, and whether surgery can completely remove the tumor. The overall 5-year survival rate is 70 - 90%.
Arrhenoblastoma has a low chance of spreading. If the tumor is found early, the cure rate can be very good.
Possible Complications Return to top
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Call your health care provider if you are a woman experiencing masculine symptoms, or you feel a lump near your ovaries.
Prevention Return to top
There is no good screening test. Getting a gynecological exam each year and recognizing masculine symptoms can help detect the disease.Update Date: 6/10/2008 Updated by: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine; and James R. Mason, MD, Oncologist, Director, Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program and Stem Cell Processing Lab, Scripps Clinic, Torrey Pines, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.