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Definition Return to top
A short philtrum is a shorter than normal distance between the upper lip and the nose.
Considerations Return to top
The philtrum is the groove that runs from the top of the lip to the nose.
The length of the philtrum is passed down from parents to their children through genes. This groove is shortened in people with certain conditions.
Causes Return to top
Home Care Return to top
There is usually no home care needed for a short philtrum. However, if this is only one symptom of another disorder, follow your doctor's instructions on how to care for the condition.
When to Contact a Medical Professional Return to top
Call your health care provider if you notice a short philtrum on your child.
What to Expect at Your Office Visit Return to top
An infant with a short philtrum may have other symptoms and signs that, when taken together, define a specific syndrome or condition. The doctor will diagnose that condition based on a family history, medical history, and physical exam.
Medical history questions may include:
Tests to diagnose a short philtrum:
If your health care provider diagnosed a short philtrum, you may want to note that diagnosis in your personal medical record.Update Date: 2/5/2008 Updated by: Chad Haldeman-Englert, MD, Division of Human Genetics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.