|Other encyclopedia topics:||A-Ag Ah-Ap Aq-Az B-Bk Bl-Bz C-Cg Ch-Co Cp-Cz D-Di Dj-Dz E-Ep Eq-Ez F G H-Hf Hg-Hz I-In Io-Iz J K L-Ln Lo-Lz M-Mf Mg-Mz N O P-Pl Pm-Pz Q R S-Sh Si-Sp Sq-Sz T-Tn To-Tz U V W X Y Z 0-9|
|Contents of this page:|
Alternative Names Return to topUrine sugar test; Urine glucose test; Glucosuria test
Definition Return to top
The glucose urine test measures the amount of sugar (glucose) in a urine sample. The presence of glucose in the urine is called glucosuria.
How the Test is Performed Return to top
A urine sample is needed. For information on collecting a urine sample, see clean catch urine specimen.
Usually, the health care provider checks for glucose in the urine sample using a dipstick made with a color-sensitive pad. The pad contains chemicals that react with glucose. The color that the dipstick changes tells the provider how much glucose is in your urine.
How to Prepare for the Test Return to top
Your health care provider may tell you to stop taking drugs that may affect the results of the test.
Drugs that may increase urine glucose measurements include:
Other drugs also can cause false negative or false positive results, depending on the type of test strip used. Talk to your doctor.
How the Test Will Feel Return to top
The test involves only normal urination, and there is no discomfort.
Why the Test is Performed Return to top
This test is most commonly used to screen for possible diabetes.
Normal Results Return to top
Glucose is not usually found in urine. If it is, further testing is needed.
What Abnormal Results Mean Return to top
Greater than normal levels of glucose may be a sign of:
Note: Results may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.
Risks Return to top
There are no risks.Update Date: 2/7/2008 Updated by: Parul Patel, MD, Private Practice specializing in Nephrology and Kidney and Pancreas Transplantation, affiliated with California Pacific Medical Center, Department of Transplantation, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.