How to Administer CPR and Rescue Breathing on an Adult

The warm summer months bring popsicles, sunscreen, and, of course, lazy days spent at the pool. The sun beating down on a pool at full capacity is a day when lifeguards are alert and ready to act. The lifeguards are there to prevent injury and drowning, and maybe even resuscitate the victim. These trained lifeguards need to be prepared under all circumstances to asses a potentially hazardous situation and respond in an effective and timely manner.

Steps

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    Blow the whistle with two short sounds and one long blast (tweet-tweet-tweeeeeet) to signal to the other guards that an emergency is taking place. Instruct a fellow guard or a nearby patron to call 9-1-1 and report back to the scene to assist as needed.
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    Use two fingers just below one side of the victim’s the jaw line (the carotid artery) to check for a pulse. If the victim has a pulse, continue the directions as follows. If the victim does not have a pulse, skip ahead to step number seven.
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    Place the breathing mask over the victim’s face so that a seal is created around their nose and mouth.
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    Tilt the victim’s head back to open their airway
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    Give one breath every 5 seconds. The victim's chest should rise with each breath administered. If not, re-tilt the head and give another breath. This technique is called RESCUE BREATHING.
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    Continue rescue breathing for one minute (12 cycles) and then recheck the pulse on the carotid artery. If the victim still has a pulse, continue rescue breathing (step 5), checking the pulse each minute (or 12 cycles). If there is no pulse, move on to step 7.
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    Interlace your fingers with one hand on top of the other. Then, place the heel of your palm on the sternum directly between the victim’s nipples. Orient yourself, elbows locked, directly above the victim.
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    Give 30 short and strong compressions, depressing the chest 1–2 inches (2.5–5.1 cm). After 30 compressions, re-tilt the head back and give two rescue breaths. This process is called CPR.
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    Repeat step 8 until the paramedics arrive on the scene and take over care. NEVER leave the victim unattended.

Warnings

  • Administering CPR and Rescue Breathing is not a 100% guarantee that the victim will survive. Immediate action performed in the correct manner could drastically increase the victim's chance of survival, making CPR and Rescue Breathing extremely important.

Article Info

Categories: First Aid and Emergencies