How to Cite an Interview

Three Methods:Citing Interviews Chicago StyleCiting Interviews MLA StyleCiting Interviews APA Style

Using interviews in research or published papers requires you to cite the source, including interviewee, interviewer and publication in a reference list. If you have conducted the interview personally for your research project, and it is not published, you can explain it and include a parenthetical citation in the text as explained starting with Step 1 below.

Method 1
Citing Interviews Chicago Style

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    Start with the interviewee's last name, first name and initial. Add a period (full stop) at the end.
    • Put the word "Interview" in place of the title, if there is not a title. Follow it with a period.
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    Type in the title of the interview, if given. Place the title in quotation marks. Include a period before the end quotation mark.
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    Add the name of the interviewer, with the same name format of last name, first name and middle initial. Add a period afterward.
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    Use the title of the journal, television broadcast or other medium in italics. Add a comma and the edition name, if applicable. Add a comma at the end.
    • Use the abbreviation "ed." for edition.
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    Include the producers, if they are notable. Use the last name, first name and initial format.
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    Write the date of the edition, broadcast or periodical. This will be in month, day and year format. Use a period before the next information.
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    Add the publication location. Use a semi-colon.
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    Write the name of the publisher, followed by a comma and the year it was published. Add a period.
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    Include the page numbers, if possible. Finish the entry with a period.
    • If limited information is available about the interview, reduce the citation to the information that is available.

Method 2
Citing Interviews MLA Style

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    Start with the name of the interviewee. Write last name, a comma and the first name, followed by a period.
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    Add the name of the interview next. Follow it with a period.
    • If the interview is the title of a complete work, use italics.
    • If the interview is part of a larger work, use quotation marks around the title. Include the name of the larger work in italics afterward, if applicable. If it is a book, include the author next. For example, "By John Smith."
    • If the interview does not have a title, write the interviewer. For example, "Interview by John Smith."
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    Use the name of the periodical in italics, followed by the edition name.
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    Include the year of publication.
    • If the interview is in a publication, the year should be in parenthesis, followed by a colon. Follow the colon with the page numbers and a period.
    • If the interview is in a book, include the location, a colon, the publisher and the publishing year.
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    Finish the entry with the medium. For example, Print, Web or Broadcast.
    • If the interview is online, include the access date after the medium. For example, "Web. 1 Mar. 2013."
    • When using MLA style, the type of source, such as book, website or journal indicates the information that must be included. Use the general rules for that type of source to cite correctly.

Method 3
Citing Interviews APA Style

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    Begin with the name of the interviewer. Use the format last name, comma and first initial.
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    Add an ampersand, "&" and the name of the interviewee in the same format. Place a period afterward.
    • Use the word "Interviewer" and "Interviewee" in parenthesis to distinguish the people.
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    Include the year of publication in parenthesis. Include the words "Interview Transcript" in brackets, if applicable.
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    Add the name of the interview or the name of the work in italics.
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    Continue your interview entry according to the type of source.
    • If the interview is from a website, write the name of the source. For example, "Retrieved from Felt & Wire." Then, include the URL. Use the word "site," a colon and the URL.
    • If the interview is in a book, add the location, a colon and the publisher name. End the entry with a period.
    • If the interview is in a periodical, include the name of the periodical, a comma, the volume number, the issue number in parenthesis and the pages, followed by a period. Include the DOI, if it is an online periodical.
    • As with MLA style, the type of citation you used is based on where the interview was printed or broadcast.

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