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wikiHow to Get Started Learning Sorani

Kurdistan is a country currently divided into four parts, lying in Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey. The three main dialects of Kurdish people are Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish), Sorani (Middle Kurdish), and Kalhuri (Southern Kurdish). Sorani is spoken by a total of approximately 10 million people in Iraq and Iran. It is the most widespread speech form of Iraqi Kurds, and is the language of a plurality of Kurds in Eastern Kurdistan. Soranî is usually written in the Arabic script, from right to left, but also has a Romanized form which we will address here.

Steps

  1. Image titled Get Started Learning Sorani Step 1
    1
    There are very few online resources for learning Sorani. Here are a few expressions, words and phrases to get you started:
  2. Image titled Get Started Learning Sorani Step 2
    2
    Learn the key words:
    • Yes: Bale
    • No: Na
    • Thank you: Supas
    • Please: Tkaya
    • And: Woo
  3. Image titled Get Started Learning Sorani Step 3
    3
    Learn some phrases.
    • Good morning: Bayanit bash
    • Good Afternoon: Niwarot bash
    • Good Evening: Ewarat bash
    • Good Night: Shaw Shad
    • Good day: Roj Bash
    • Goodbye: Xwahafiz (Xwa= God / hafiz= protect)
    • Hello: Slaw
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    Learn some common questions and answers.
    • How are you?: Choni? to choni?
    • I am okay: Bashm(Turkish) chaakem (Iraq)
    • I am very okay: Zor bashm
    • I am not okay: Bash nim
    • I am ill: Naxoshm
    • Where are you? Lakwey?
    • Where do you live? Lakwey azhit?
    • I live in England: La Englestan azhim
    • How old are you?: Tamant chanda?
    • What is your name?: Nawt chya?
    • Where are you going?: Bo kwe aroy?
    • I go to work: Achm bo îsh
    • When are you coming back?: Kay yatawa?
    • I come back evening: Eawara demawa
    • What is your job?: îsht chya?
    • Did you arrive: Gayshti?
    • I am going: Arom
    • What?: Chi?
    • How many?: Chand?
    • How many brothers have you got?: Chand brat haya?
    • I have one brother: Yak bram haya
    • Have you got children?: Mnall't haya?
    • How are you doing?: Bashee?
    • Fine thanks, and you?: Bash'm supas ey to?
    • Do you know what I mean?: Te agate?
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    Learn what to call people.
    • You: to (pronounced 'tå')
    • I:m: (A little bit complicated)
    • My: Add "m" to noun ending ("My nose" becomes "lut[m]")
    • Mum: Dayk
    • Dad: Bawk
    • Sister: Khoshk
    • Brother: Bra
    • Paternal uncle: Mam
    • Maternal uncle: Khal
    • Girl: Kch
    • A girl: Kchek
    • Boy: Kur (pronounced 'kooorr')
    • A boy: Kurek
    • Teacher: Mamosta
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    6
    Learn the names of some foods.
    • I eat: Khwarden axom
    • Rice: Brnj
    • Tea: Cha
    • Coffee: Qawa
    • Water: Aaw
    • Soup: Shorba
    • Okra: Bamya
    • Yogurt: Mast
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    7
    Learn a few other key words.
    • Car: Sayara (Old Kurdi) Aotomobel (New Kurdi)
    • Life: Zhyan
    • Country: Walat
    • City: Shar
    • Village: Ladey
    • House: mal / khano
    • Nation/ tribe: Khell
    • Place of first date: Shweny khwazbyeny yekem
    • Child: Mnall
    • Shirt: Kras
    • Day: Roj
    • Kiss: Mach
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    8
    Learn some expressions
    • You are beautiful: To Jwanit
    • I am going: Min Arom
    • Do not go: Marro
    • Come on: De wera
    • Come to me: Wara bo laymn
    • I swear to God: Ba xwa
    • For example: Bo nemoona
    • Good luck: Baxtawar
    • You are a very nice girl: To kcheki zor jwani
    • You are a very nice boy: To kureki zor jwani
    • I love you: Khoshm aweyt (xoshm aweyt)
    • Life is nice: Zhyan khosha (Zhyan xosha)
  9. Image titled Get Started Learning Sorani Step 9
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    Learn some descriptive words.
    • Together: Pekawa
    • In: la naw
    • Above (on): sar
    • Below (under): zher
    • Beside: Tanisht
    • Back: Psht
    • Go: Bero
    • Nice: Khosh
    • OK: Bash
    • Many/very: Zor
    • Pain: zhan
  10. Image titled Get Started Learning Sorani Step 10
    10
    Learn a few major body parts.
    • Head: Sar
    • Neck: Mel
    • Eye/ eyes: Chaw
    • Nose: Loot
    • Mouth: Dam
    • Eyebrow: Brä
    • Ear/ ears: Gwe
    • Hair: Qzh
    • Cheek: Roomat
    • Hand: Dast
    • Shoulder: Shan
    • Chest: Sng
    • Breast: Mamk
    • Abdomen: Sk
    • Umbilicus: Nawk
    • Foot/ feet/ lower limb: qach
    • Fingers: Panja
    • Back: Psht
    • Knee: Azhnoo
  11. Image titled Get Started Learning Sorani Step 11
    11
    Learn to count.
    • 1: yiek
    • 2: doo
    • 3: ce
    • 4: chwar
    • 5: penj
    • 6: shash
    • 7: hawt
    • 8: hasht
    • 9: noh
    • 10: de
    • 11: yanza
    • 12: dwanza
    • 13: syanza
    • 14: chwarda
    • 15: panza
    • 16: shanza
    • 17: havda
    • 18: hazhda
    • 19: nozda
    • 20: bist
    • 21: bist u yak
    • 30: ci
    • 40: chl
    • 50: penja
    • 60: shast
    • 70: hafta
    • 80: hashta
    • 90: nawa
    • 100: saa
    • 101: saa u yak
    • 1000: hazar

Sources and Citations

Article Info

Categories: World Languages