wikiHow to Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens

Two Methods:Plan Your Small Garden SpacePlanting Techniques to Save Space

Many people enjoy growing their own vegetables because it provides them with fresh, quality food. It also allows them to spend time outdoors in the fresh air and sunshine. If you have only a small garden to work with, there are still strategies you can use to plant a few vegetables. Grow vegetables in small gardens by planning your site, using techniques that save space and utilizing pots, containers and other resources that will increase your harvest.

Method 1
Plan Your Small Garden Space

  1. Image titled Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens Step 1
    1
    Make sure the area you choose for your vegetable garden gets at least 6 hours of sunlight every day.
  2. Image titled Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens Step 2
    2
    Prepare your soil. You should plant vegetables in a garden that has soil at least 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm) deep.
    • Remove clumps of dirt, sticks, leaves and other debris in your planting area. Level the surface with a rake.
    • Spread fertilizer over the soil and rake it into the dirt.
  3. Image titled Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens Step 3
    3
    Decide which vegetables you would like to grow. The best vegetables for a small space include beets, cucumbers, lettuce, eggplant, carrots, peppers, tomatoes, beans, spinach, squash and herbs.
  4. Image titled Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens Step 4
    4
    Plan your garden on paper. A simple diagram with labeled areas for each crop will help you determine how many plants or seed packets to purchase.

Method 2
Planting Techniques to Save Space

  1. Image titled Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens Step 5
    1
    Use your vertical space. Include a trellis or a fence in your yard so plants can grow up. Beans, cucumbers, tomatoes and squash grow well this way.
  2. Image titled Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens Step 6
    2
    Look for "bush" varieties of vegetables. When you purchase plants or seeds, use "bush" plants. These take up less garden space than standards varieties. For example, you can find salad bush cucumbers as well as bush pickle cucumbers.
  3. Image titled Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens Step 7
    3
    Try wide row planting to grow leafy vegetables such as spinach and lettuce.
    • Spread seeds over an 8 to 12 inch (20 to 30 cm) band of space instead of in a uniform row. This will encourage the vegetables to grow wherever they will fit, and their leaves will prevent weed growth in your garden.
  4. Image titled Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens Step 8
    4
    Try interplanting 2 or more vegetables in one area. For example, radishes and carrots can be planted together in the same spot because the radishes will be ready to harvest much sooner than the carrots.
    • Harvest the vegetables that mature quickly as soon as they are ready. This will provide enough space for the slow maturing vegetables to grow.
    • Alternate rows of fast maturing vegetables with slow maturing vegetables if you do not want to interplant. For example, put a row of lettuce between rows of tomatoes to save space and vary the harvest times.
  5. Image titled Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens Step 9
    5
    Try succession planting. This is a method that requires you to plant a new crop as soon as one crop is harvested. For example, when you harvest early crops of spinach or lettuce, immediately plant beans or turnips.
  6. Image titled Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens Step 10
    6
    Use square foot gardening methods. Instead of planting rows, mark off squares of space in your garden to grow one particular vegetable. This will give you one section for tomatoes, a square for cucumbers, etc.
  7. Image titled Grow Vegetables in Small Gardens Step 11
    7
    Use pots to grow vegetables. If you run out of space in your garden, use colorful and sturdy containers to plant seeds and plants. You can even combine a few crops into one pot if you get a container that is large enough.

Tips

  • Remember to give your vegetable garden the care and maintenance that it needs. While it will not need as much attention as a larger garden, remember to water your garden and keep it free from weeds and pests. Use mulch on top of the soil to preserve moisture and reduce weeds.


Things You'll Need

  • Soil
  • Rake
  • Fertilizer
  • Seeds or plants
  • Trellis or fence
  • Containers or pots
  • Mulch


Article Info

Categories: Growing Vegetables