How to Say Greetings and Goodbyes in Spanish

This will come in handy sometimes! Especially, in this time, when it is very important to learn Spanish or to become bilingual, to get a job, or if you go traveling and don't want to get lost.


  1. Image titled Say Greetings and Goodbyes in Spanish Step 1
    Decide what you are doing this learning for. Is it for fun? Or are you going to a foreign country? If so, which one? The most common Spanish taught in the US is Mexican Spanish.
  2. Image titled Say Greetings and Goodbyes in Spanish Step 2
    Learn the following conversational vocabulary:
    • Hello or Hi - ¡Hola!
    • Good Morning - ¡Buenos días!
    • Good Afternoon - ¡Buenas tardes! also casual & friendly - ¡ Buenas !
    • Good Evening or Good Night - ¡Buenas noches! ( In Spain it also means means you're going to bed )
    • How are you (singular casual term)? - ¿Cómo estás?
    • How are you (singular formal term)? - ¿Cómo está?
    • How are you (plural both formal and casual term)?: ¿Como están?
    • Fine, thanks - Bien, gracias.
    • So, So - Más o menos
    • Getting by - Voy tirando
    • Can't complain- No me puedo quejar
    • And you - ¿Y usted? (formal term) ¿Y tú? (casual term) ¿Y vos? (some latin american countries, like Guatemala and Argentina; very casual term)
    • Not very well - No estoy muy bien / No estoy tan bien / No tan bien (I'm not very well)
    • I'm sorry. - Lo siento, perdón, disculpa (casual) o disculpe (formal).
    • Good-bye- Adiós
    • See you later! - ¡Hasta luego! (or) ¡Hasta la vista!
    • I'll be seeing you... - Nos vemos...
    • See you tomorrow - Hasta mañana... (Nos vemos mañana is ok, too)
    • Please - Por favor
    • Thanks very much - Muchas gracias
    • You're welcome - De nada / No hay de qué
    • Nice to meet you - Formal Singular Gusto en conocerlo(a); Mucho gusto (more common in Mexico & South America).
    • Nice to meet you - Casual Singular Gusto en conocerte.
    • Nice to meet you - Plural both formal and casual: Gusto en conocerlos.
    • Nice to meet you - Flowery to impress a lady: Un placer (Literally "It's a pleasure.") or Encantado - same general meaning.
    • Bless you (sneeze or to your health) or God bless you - ¡Salud! (in Guatemala: ¡Jesús! but ¡Salud! is more common)
    • Talk to me (to answer the phone) - Digáme
  3. Image titled Say Greetings and Goodbyes in Spanish Step 3
    • Never pronounce the, "H", in Spanish if you see it. "Hola", or, "Hasta luego", are actually pronounced, "Ola, asta luego." The only reason you would use the "h" sound in Spanish is when you see a g or j. "Jorge" is said "Horhe". But be careful with the letter G: when you find "gu", "ga", "go", you should use the guttural sound as in the verb "Go"; when you read "ge" or "gi", you use the sound of english "H" as in "He".
      Image titled Say Greetings and Goodbyes in Spanish Step 3Bullet1
    • Try to roll your tongue when saying your r's in Spanish: Initial "r", doble "r" and "r" after "l","n" and "s": Ramón, roca, irritado. All the other "r's" are soft like the English "r" in right,rose...etc.
      Image titled Say Greetings and Goodbyes in Spanish Step 3Bullet2
    • Y is pronounced like ee and also like the second "i" of English "idiot, but both ways of pronouncing it don't cause misunderstandings. The letter "i" is pronounced like a long "e" as in "eat" but shorter; in diphthongs pronounce it like a Spanish "y" : miedo, siete, aluminio, caries. Pronounce the letter "u" as "oo" (like when something looks ugly, you say "oo" or "oo" in the word "good").
      Image titled Say Greetings and Goodbyes in Spanish Step 3Bullet3


  • Put the stress on the second last syllable (or the one with the accent). Most words, just say them naturally.
  • Many speakers, mostly in Spain pronounce z's and c's before i and e as the 'th' in thorn.
  • Don't pronounce 'h's. They are silent, unless they are accompanied by "c", then it's s a "ché" (chico, charco, achicar, ocho). CH sounds like check or children, which is the same as in most English containing a "ch" group.
  • When in doubt, this website ( says spanish words so that your pronunciation is correct
  • The letter that looks like this: 'ñ' is pronounced "en-yay" (but in one sound), like the French pronunciation of "mignon" or the Portuguese pronunciation of "montanha". Spanish "Ñ" = French "gn" or Portuguese "nh".


  • Make sure you get the pronunciation correct, and when you write in Spanish make sure you don't forget the accent marks.

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Categories: Spanish