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File:East-Hem 323bc.jpg

Description Eastern Hemisphere in 323 BC, at the death of Alexander the Great.
Source self-made (For reference information, see below)
Author Thomas Lessman ( Contact!)
( Reusing this file)
I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following license:
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Map Summary

Original Source URL:

This map of the Eastern Hemisphere in 323 BC was created by Thomas Lessman, based on information from the sources listed below. This map is free for educational use (see Permission info above). When using this map, please mention that it is available for free at

Map Source References

  • Remember, sources often conflict with each other. This map is only as accurate as the information that is available to me.
  • To report any errors or to help further this work, please use the Corrections page, or email Thomas Lessman at

References for information contained in this map:

Empire of Alexander the Great information is derived from:

  • The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition; map of Alexander's Empire and successors; (Pg. 224)
  • Wikimedia's map of The Empire of Alexander the Great uploaded by User talk:Captain Blood
  • Wikipedia's article about Alexander the Great

I - European Information:

Roman Republic borders are derived from The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition; Pg. 178; Map of Italy in 240 BCE (also shows Roman borders in 300 BCE).

II - Asian Information:

Chinese Area borders are derived from this map of The Contending States Boundries c. 350 BC, available on
Indian Kingdoms locations are derived from Wikimedia's map of Epic India.
Gangaridai Note: the borders depicted for Gangaridai are not shown on any maps I've seen, they are described rather vaguely in the sources below:
  • This article about The Origins of the Ganga Dynasty - A New Insight by Dr. Harihar Kanungo; (Pg 25, section a).
  • This article from Missouri Southern State University about Gangaridae in Megasthenes' Indica; (Section 37).
  • The History of Bengal website, which contains extensive information on an archeological site called Chandraketugarh, which may be the lost city of Ganga (the capital of Gangaridai).
Nanda Dynasty borders are derived from:
  • The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition; Map of The Nanda and Mauryan Empires 365-181 BCE; (Pg. 241)
Văn Lang borders are derived from:
  • Wikimedia's map of Van Lang, created by User:Briangotts.
  • Wikipedia's articles about Văn Lang and the Hồng Bàng Dynasty.

III - African Information and info for fringe areas like Africa, Australia, Siberia, etc. derive from:

  • The DK Atlas of World History, 2000 Edition; map of The development of complex societies in Africa; (Page 160)
  • Wikimedia's map of the World 323 BCE, created by User:Briangotts, and
  • Wikimedia's map of the World in 300 BCE, created by User:Javierfv1212.

Note: Much of the information in this map was cross-checked with Bruce Gordon's Regnal Chronologies.

Other Maps by Thomas Lessman

Maps of the eastern hemisphere showing history

Bold dates are available on Wikimedia or Wikipedia.
(Other dates are available on
See also: * Disclaimers * Report Errors * Gallery of Maps


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·| 500 AD | 565 AD | 600 AD | 700 AD |
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·| 1100 AD | 1200 AD | 1300 AD | 1400 AD |


·| 1500 AD | · * For historical maps of the whole world,
see Wikimedia's Template:Maps of world history.

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The following pages on Schools Wikipedia link to this image (list may be incomplete):

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