|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1747 1748 1749 – 1750 – 1751 1752 1753|
|1750 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2503|
|British Regnal year||23 Geo. 2 – 24 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar|| 己巳年十一月廿三日
— to —庚午年十二月初三日
|- Vikram Samvat||1806–1807|
|- Shaka Samvat||1672–1673|
|- Kali Yuga||4851–4852|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||750–751|
|Japanese calendar|| Kan'en 3
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||162 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2293|
Year 1750 (MDCCL) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
- January – A fire in Istanbul destroys 10,000 homes.
- April – A second fire devastates Istanbul (see January). A third fire later in the year destroys a further 10,000 homes.
- April 4 – A small earthquake hits Warrington, England.
- May – Riots break out in Paris, fueled by rumors of police abducting children.
- July – José I takes over the throne of Portugal from his deceased father, João V. King José Manuel appoints the Marquis of Pombal as his Chief Minister, who then strips the Inquisition of its power.
- July 9 – Traveller Jonas Hanway leaves St. Petersburg to return home via Germany and the Netherlands. Later the same year, Hanway reputedly becomes the first Englishman to use an umbrella (a French fashion).
- August 23 – A small earthquake hits Spalding, Lincolnshire, England.
- September 30 – A small earthquake hits Northampton, England.
- November 11 – A riot breaks out in Lhasa, Tibet, after the murder of the regent of Tibet.
- November 18 – Westminster Bridge is officially opened in London.
- Hannah Snell reveals her sex to her Royal Marines compatriots.
- Ahmad Shah Bahadur's army, retreating from Persia, reportedly loses 18,000 men near what is present-day Herat, Afghanistan from cold in a single night.
- The King of Dahomey has income of 250,000 pounds from the overseas export of slaves.
- Maruyama Okyo paints The Ghost of Oyuki.
- Britain produces c. 2% of the entire world's output of industrial goods and the Industrial Revolution begins.
- Galley slavery is abolished in Europe.
- World population: 791,000,000
- January 1 – Frederick Muhlenberg, first speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1801)
- April – Joanna Southcott, British religious fanatic (d. 1814)
- April 17 – François de Neufchâteau, French statesman and intellectual figure (d. 1828)
- May 2 – John André, British Army officer of the American Revolutionary War (d. 1780)
- May 31 – Karl August von Hardenberg, Prussian politician (d. 1822)
- July 9 – Louise Marie Thérèse Bathilde d'Orléans, last princess of Condé (d.1822)
- August 18 – Antonio Salieri, Italian composer (d. 1825)
- August 26 – Princess Marie Zéphyrine of France, infant sister of Louis XVI (d.1755)
- September 26 – Cuthbert Collingwood, 1st Baron Collingwood, British admiral (d. 1810)
- November 7 – Friedrich Leopold zu Stolberg-Stolberg, German poet (d. 1819)
- December 10 – Tipu Sultan, Sultan of Mysore (d. 1799)
- December 23 – Frederick Augustus I of Saxony (d. 1827)
- date unknown – Adwaita, Oldest tortoise (d. 2006) (alleged birth year; awaiting C-14 verification)
- January 16 – Ivan Trubetskoy, Russian field marshal (b. 1667)
- January 22 – Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (b. 1675)
- January 23 – Ludovico Antonio Muratori, Italian historian and scholar (b. 1672)
- January 26 – Albert Schultens, Dutch philologist (b. 1686)
- February 8 – Aaron Hill, English writer (b. 1685)
- May 3 – John Willison, Scottish minister and writer (b. 1680)
- May 28 – Emperor Sakuramachi of Japan (b. 1720)
- June 15 – Marguerite De Launay, Baronne Staal, French writer (b. 1684)
- July 28 – Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer (b. 1685)
- July 31 – King John V of Portugal (b. 1689)
- August 12 – Rachel Ruysch, Dutch painter (b. 1664)
- September 15 – Charles Theodore Pachelbel, German composer (b. 1690)
- October 16 – Sylvius Leopold Weiss, German composer and lutenist (b. 1687)
- November 1 – Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff, Dutch Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1705)
- December 1 – Johan Gabriel Doppelmayr, German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer (b. 1671)