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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1760s 1770s 1780s – 1790s – 1800s 1810s 1820s|
|Years:||1793 1794 1795 – 1796 – 1797 1798 1799|
|1796 in topic:|
|Subjects: Archaeology – Architecture –|
|Art – Literature ( Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Countries: Australia – Canada – Great Britain – United States|
|Leaders: State leaders – Colonial governors|
|Category: Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Births – Deaths – Works|
Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).
Events of 1796
January - June
- January 16 - First Dutch (and general) elections for the National Assembly of the Batavian Republic. The next Dutch general elections were in 1917.
- February 1 - The capital of Upper Canada is moved from Newark to York.
- February 9 - The Qianlong Emperor abdicates at age 84 to make way for his son, the Jiaqing Emperor.
- March 9 - Widow Joséphine de Beauharnais marries General Napoléon Bonaparte.
- March 30 - Carl Gauss obtained conditions for the constructibility by ruler and compass of regular polygons and was able to announce that the regular 17-gon was constructible by ruler and compasses.
- April 2 - The only night of would-be Shakespearean play of Vortigern and Rowena (actually written by William Henry Ireland) ends in audience's laughter.
- April 12 - Battle of Montenotte. Engagement in the War of the First Coalition. Napoleon Bonaparte's first victory as an army commander.
- April 27 - The Case of the Lyons Mail: during the night of April 27, five highwaymen attack the mail between Paris and Lyon, kill the postmen, and steal the funds sent to the armies in Italy.
- May 10
- Persian Expedition of 1796: Russian troops storm Derbent.
- Battle of Lodi. Engagement in the War of the First Coalition. Gen. Napoleon Bonaparte defeats Austrian rearguard in forcing a crossing of the bridge over the River Adda in Italy. The Austrians lose some 2,000 men, 14 guns, and 30 ammunition wagons.
- May 14 - Edward Jenner administers the first smallpox vaccination.
- May 15 - Napoleon's troops take Milan.
- May 20 - Last mock Garrat Elections in Surrey, England.
- June 1 - Tennessee is admitted as the 16th U.S. state.
July - December
- July 10 - Carl Friedrich Gauss discovered that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers.
- July 11 - The United States takes possession of Detroit from Great Britain under the terms of the Jay Treaty.
- July 14 - The de Portolá Expedition sets out from San Diego (now San Diego, California) to find the Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
- July 22 - Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio " Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
- September 8 - French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Bassano - French forces defeat Austrian troops at Bassano.
- September 17 - U.S. President George Washington issues his Farewell Address, which warns against partisan politics and foreign entanglements.
- November: John Adams defeats Thomas Jefferson in the U.S. presidential election
- November 4 - The Treaty of Tripoli (between the United States and Tripoli) is signed at Tripoli (see also 1797).
- November 6 Old Style - Catherine II of Russia called Catherine "The Great" dies and is succeeded by her son Paul I of Russia. His wife Sophie Marie Dorothea of Württemberg becomes Empress consort.
- November 10 - The de Portolá Expedition returns from its terminus point (now Menlo Park, California) to San Diego after failing to find Vizcaíno's Port of Monterey (now Monterey, California).
- November 17 - French Revolutionary Wars: Battle of Arcole - French forces defeat the Austrians in Italy.
- December 7 - U.S. Electoral College meets to elect John Adams president.
- The Ron Santa Teresa distillery is established in Venezuela.
- British government purchase a 40 acre (162,000 m²) site at Norman Cross the first purposely built prisoner of war camp in England at that time.
- Mungo Park visits Segu kingdom.
- The British seize Ceylon from the Dutch.
|Ab urbe condita||2549|
|British Regnal year||36 Geo. 3 – 37 Geo. 3|
|Chinese calendar|| 乙卯年十一月廿二日
— to —丙辰年十二月初三日
|- Vikram Samvat||1852–1853|
|- Shaka Samvat||1718–1719|
|- Kali Yuga||4897–4898|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||796–797|
|Japanese calendar|| Kansei 8
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||116 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2339|
- January 25 - William MacGillivray, Scottish naturalist and ornithologist (d. 1852)
- February 22 - Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet, Belgian mathematician (d. 1874)
- March 18 - Jakob Steiner, Swiss mathematician (d. 1863)
- May 1 - Junius Brutus Booth, English actor (d. 1852)
- May 4 - Horace Mann, American educator and abolitionist (d. 1859)
- June 14 - Nikolai Brashman, Russian mathematician of Czech origin (d.1866)
- July 6 - Emperor Nicholas I of Russia (d. 1855)
- July 16 - Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, French painter (d. 1875)
- July 23 - Franz Berwald, Swedish composer (d. 1868)
- August 15 - John Torrey, American botanist (d. 1873)
- August 25 - James Lick, American land speculator (d. 1876)
- September 19 - Hartley Coleridge, British poet (d. 1849)
- September 22 - Davi Canabarro, Gaúcho rebel revolucionary (d. 1867)
- September 25 - Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor (d. 1875)
- October 23 - Stefano Franscini, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1857)
- November 30 - Carl Loewe, German composer (d. 1869)
- January 13 - John H. D. Anderson, Scottish scientist and inventor (b. 1726)
- February 23 - Jean-Nicolas Stofflet, French royalist general (executed) (b. 1751)
- March 6 - Guillaume Thomas François Raynal, French writer (b. 1713)
- March 19 - Hugh Palliser, British naval officer and administrator (b. 1722)
- May 12 - Johann Peter Uz, German poet (b. 1720)
- May 29 - Carl Fredrik Pechlin, Swedish politician (b. 1720)
- June 11 - Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and politician (b. 1720)
- June 21 - Richard Gridley, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1710)
- June 30 - Abraham Yates, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
- July 16 - George Howard, British field marshal (b. 1718)
- July 21 - Robert Burns, Scottish poet (b. 1759)
- August 1 - Robert Pigot, British army officer (b. 1720)
- August 21 - John McKinly, American physician and President of Delaware (b. 1721)
- September 21 - François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers, French royalist general (killed in battle) (b. 1769)
- October 7 - Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (b. 1710)
- November 6 - Catherine the Great of Russia (b, 1729)