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|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1860s 1870s 1880s – 1890s – 1900s 1910s 1920s|
|Years:||1889 1890 1891 – 1892 – 1893 1894 1895|
|1892 in topic:|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music|
|Australia – Canada – France – Germany – Mexico – Philippines – South Africa – US – UK|
|Rail Transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial Governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2645|
|British Regnal year||55 Vict. 1 – 56 Vict. 1|
|Chinese calendar|| 辛卯年十二月初二日
— to —壬辰年十一月十三日
|- Vikram Samvat||1948–1949|
|- Shaka Samvat||1814–1815|
|- Kali Yuga||4993–4994|
|- Ǹrí Ìgbò||892–893|
|Japanese calendar|| Meiji 25
|Juche calendar||N/A (before 1912)|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||20 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2435|
Year 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar and a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar.
- January 1 – Ellis Island begins accommodating immigrants to the United States.
- January 15 – James Naismith publishes the rules for basketball.
- January 20 – At the YMCA in Springfield, Massachusetts, the first official basketball game is played.
- February 18 – Pennsauken Township, New Jersey is incorporated.
- February 27 – Rudolf Diesel applies for a patent on his compression ignition engine (the Diesel engine).
- March 1 – Theodoros Deligiannis ends his term as Prime Minister of Greece and Konstantinos Konstantopoulos takes office.
- March 13 – Ernest Louis, a grandson of Queen Victoria, becomes Grand Duke of Hesse and the Rhine on the death of his father, Grand Duke Louis IV.
- March 15 – The Liverpool Football Club is founded by John Houlding, the owner of Anfield. Houlding decides to form his own team after Everton leaves Anfield in an argument over rent.
- March 20 – The first ever French rugby championship final takes place in Paris. Pierre de Coubertin referees the match, which Racing Club de France wins 4–3 over Stade Français.
- March 31 – The world's first fingerprinting bureau is formally opened by the Buenos Aires Chief of Police; it had been operating unofficially since the previous year.
- April – The Johnson County War breaks out between small farmers and large ranchers in Wyoming.
- April 1 – The city of Maebashi is founded by the samurai Makuba Kawai.
- April 15 – The General Electric Company is established through the merger of the Thomson-Houston Company and the Edison General Electric Company.
- April 29 – Redondo Beach, California, USA is founded.
- May 7 – The Cook Islands issue their first postage stamps.
- May 19 – Battle of Yemoja River: British troops defeat Ijebu infantry in modern-day Nigeria, using a maxim gun.
- May 22 – The British conquest of Ijebu-Ode marks a major extension of colonial power into the Nigerian interior.
- May 24 – Prince George (later George V) becomes Duke of York.
- May 28 – In San Francisco, California, John Muir organizes the Sierra Club.
- June 4 – Abercrombie & Fitch is established by David T. Abercrombie.
- June 7 – Homer Plessy (who is black) is arrested for sitting on the whites-only car in Louisiana, leading to the landmark Plessy v. Ferguson court case.
- June 11 – The Limelight Department, later one of the world's first film studios, is officially established in Melbourne, Australia.
- June 30 – The Homestead Strike begins in Homestead, Pennsylvania, culminating in a battle between striking workers and private security agents on July 6.
- July 4 – Samoa: Samoa changes its time zone to being 3 hours behind California, such that it crosses the international date line and July 4 occurs twice.
- July 4– July 18 – British general election: The Unionist government loses its majority.
- July 6
- Dr. Jose Rizal, Filipino writer, philosopher, and political activist is arrested by Spanish authorities in connection with La Liga Filipina.
- Homestead Strike: The arrival of a force of 300 Pinkerton detectives from New York and Chicago results in a fight in which about 10 men are killed.
- July 8 – The Great Fire of 1892 devastates the city of St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.
- July 12 – A hidden lake bursts out of a glacier on the side of Mont Blanc, flooding the valley below and killing around 200 villagers and holidaymakers in Saint-Gervais-les-Bains.
- July 13 – United International Bureau for the Protection of Intellectual Property (UIBPIP or BIRPI).
- August 4 – The father and stepmother of Lizzie Borden are found murdered in their Fall River, Massachusetts home.
- August 9 – Thomas Edison receives a patent for a two-way telegraph.
- August 18 – William Ewart Gladstone assumes British premiership at head of Liberal government, with Irish Nationalist Party support.
- September 3 – The Nottingham Forest Football Club plays their first league match, a 2–2 draw with Everton FC.
- September 15 – Sergei Witte replaces Ivan Vyshnegradsky as Russian finance minister.
- October 1 – The University of Chicago holds its first classes.
- October 5
- The Dalton Gang, attempting to rob 2 banks in Coffeyville, Kansas, is shot by the townspeople; only Emmett Dalton, with 23 wounds, survives, to spend 14 years in prison.
- Master criminal Adam Worth is captured in Liège, Belgium during an attempted robbery of a money delivery cart.
- October 12 – To mark the 400th anniversary Columbus Day holiday, the " Pledge of Allegiance" is first recited in unison by students in U.S. public schools.
- October 31 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
- November 8
- November 17 – French troops occupy Abomey, capital of the kingdom of Dahomey.
- December 5 – John Thompson becomes Canada's fourth prime minister.
- December 18 – The Nutcracker ballet with music by Tchaikovsky is premiered at the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg, Russia.
- December 22 – The Newcastle East End F.C. is renamed Newcastle United F.C., following the demise of the Newcastle West End F.C. and East End's move to St James' Park, formerly West End's home.
- Andrew Carnegie combines all of his separate businesses into the Carnegie Steel Company, allowing him to gain a monopoly in the steel industry.
- Inter-Parliamentary Bureau for Permanent Arbitration
- The first Canadian National Rugby-Football Championship game is played (Osgoode Hall defeats Montreal 45–5).
- The Stanley Cup is donated by Sir Frederick Stanley.
- An oil fire in Oil City, Pennsylvania kills 130.
- A cholera outbreak occurs in Hamburg, Germany.
- A tortoise called Timothy is brought to the estate of Powderham Castle in England, where she lives until her death in 2004.
- Abu Dhabi becomes a British protectorate.
- The Cadet Band (current day Highty-Tighties) of the Virginia Agricultural and Mechanical College (current day Virginia Tech) is established in the Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets.
- The Community of the Resurrection, an Anglican religious community for men, is founded by Charles Gore and Walter Frere.
- Viruses are discovered by the Russian– Ukrainian biologist Dimitri Ivanovski.
- Thomas Ahearn is the first person to prepare a meal on an electric stove.
- The first electric light bulb in Bulgaria is used at the Plovdiv Fair.
- Worthington, Ontario, Canada is incorporated as a mining community.
- Construction of Trans-Siberian Railway begins.
- Founded Unione Sportiva Pro Vercelli
- January 1
- January 3 – J. R. R. Tolkien, professor and author of The Lord of the Rings (d. 1973)
- January 10 – Vladimir Littauer, Equestrain trainer and coach (d. 1989)
- January 14
- January 15 – Rex Ingram, Irish film director (d. 1950)
- January 18
- January 19 – Ólafur Thors, Icelandic politician and five times prime minister (d. 1964)
- January 25 – Takeo Takagi, Japanese admiral (d. 1944)
- January 26 – Zara Cully, American actress (d. 1978)
- January 28 – Ernst Lubitsch, German-born film director (d. 1947)
- January 31 – Eddie Cantor, American actor, singer (d. 1964)
- February 6
- February 13
- Robert H. Jackson, United States Supreme Court associate justice and chief prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials (d. 1954)
- February 15 – James Forrestal, first United States Secretary of Defense (d. 1949)
- February 18 – Wendell Willkie, U.S. Republican presidential candidate (d. 1944)
- February 21 – Harry Stack Sullivan, American psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (d. 1949)
- February 22 – Edna St. Vincent Millay, American writer (d. 1950)
- February 24 – Konstantin Fedin, Russian writer (d. 1977)
- February 27 – William Demarest, American actor (d. 1983)
- March 9 – Victoria Mary Sackville-West, English writer, and gardener (d. 1962)
- March 10
- March 15 – Charles Nungesser, French aviator and World War I fighter ace (d. 1927)
- March 16 – César Vallejo, Peruvian poet (d. 1938)
- March 25 – Andy Clyde, Scottish actor (d. 1967)
- March 28
- March 30 – Stefan Banach, Polish mathematician (d. 1945)
- April 6
- April 8 – Mary Pickford, Canadian actress and studio founder (d. 1979)
- April 12 – Johnny Dodds, American jazz clarinettist (d. 1940)
- April 12 – Henry Darger, reclusive American outsider artist (d. 1973)
- April 13 – Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt, British (Scottish) inventor of radar (d. 1973)
- April 19 – Germaine Tailleferre, French composer (d. 1983)
- April 26 – Richard L. Conolly, American admiral (d. 1962)
- April 27 – Raizō Tanaka, Japanese admiral (d. 1969)
- April 28 – Joseph Dunninger, American mentalist (d. 1975)
- May 2 – Manfred von Richthofen (the Red Baron), German World War I fighter pilot (d. 1918)
- May 3 – George Paget Thomson, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
- May 5 – Rajarsi Janakananda, A leading disciple of Paramahansa Yogananda. (d. 1955)
- May 7 – Archibald MacLeish, American poet (d. 1982)
- May 9 – Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress of Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
- May 11 – Margaret Rutherford, English actress (d. 1972)
- May 12 – Fritz Kortner, Austrian-born director (d. 1970)
- May 16 – Manton S. Eddy, U.S. general (d. 1962)
- May 18 – Ezio Pinza, Italian bass (d. 1957)
- May 25 – Josip Broz Tito, President of Yugoslavia (d. 1980)
- May 26 – Maxwell Bodenheim, American poet and novelist (d. 1954)
- May 30 – Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (d. 1972)
- May 31 – Michel Kikoine, Belarusian painter (d. 1968)
- June 1 – Amanullah Khan, ruler of Afghanistan (d. 1960)
- June 15 – Wallace Wade, American football coach, University of Alabama, Duke University (d. 1986)
- June 21 – Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (d. 1971)
- June 22 – Robert Ritter von Greim, German field marshal (d. 1945)
- June 25
- June 26 – Pearl S. Buck, American writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
- June 30 – Oswald Pohl, German S.S. officer (d. 1951)
- July 1 – James M. Cain, American author and journalist (d. 1977)
- July 3 – Thomas White, English cricketer (d. 1979)
- July 4 – Henry M. Mullinnix, American admiral (d. 1943)
- July 6 – Willy Coppens, Belgian World War I flying ace (d. 1986)
- July 8 – Richard Aldington, English poet (d. 1962)
- July 11 – Thomas Mitchell, American actor (d. 1962)
- July 12 – Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1942)
- July 16 – Michel Coiffard, French World War I fighter ace (d. 1918)
- July 17 – Edwin Harris Dunning, British aviator (d. 1917)
- July 23 – Haile Selassie I, Ethiopian emperor (d. 1975)
- July 26 – Sad Sam Jones, baseball player (d. 1966)
- July 28 – Joe E. Brown, American actor and comedian (d. 1973)
- July 29 – William Powell, American actor (d. 1984)
- August 2 – Jack Warner, Canadian film producer (d. 1978)
- August 8 – Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, Spanish footballer (d. 1922)
- August 11 – Hugh MacDiarmid, Scottish poet (d. 1978)
- August 16 – Louis, 7th duc de Broglie, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987)
- August 17 – Tamon Yamaguchi, Japanese admiral (d. 1942)
- August 25 – Gabriel Guérin, French World War I fighter ace (d. 1918)
- September 4 – Darius Milhaud, French composer (d. 1974)
- September 5 – Joseph Szigeti, Hungarian violinist (d. 1973)
- September 6 – Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1965)
- September 10 – Arthur Compton, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1962)
- September 11 – Pinto Colvig, American vaudeville actor, radio actor, newspaper cartoonist, prolific movie voice actor, and circus performer (original voice of Goofy) (d. 1967)
- September 12 – Alfred A. Knopf, American publisher (d. 1984)
- October 3 – Sentarō Ōmori, Japanese admiral (d. 1974)
- October 6 – Jackie Saunders, silent movie actress (d. 1954)
- October 9 – Ivo Andrić, Serbo-Croatian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1975)
- October 9 – Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (d. 1941)
- October 17 – R. K. Shanmukham Chetty, Indian Jurist and Economist (d. 1953)
- October 23 – Gummo Marx, American actor and comedian (d. 1977)
- October 27 – Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian writer (d. 1953)
- October 28 – Dink Johnson, American jazz musician (d. 1954)
- October 29 – Stanislaw Ostrowski, former President of Poland (d. 1982)
- October 30 – Charles Atlas, Italian-American strongman and sideshow performer (d. 1972)
- October 31 – Alexander Alekhine, Russian chess champion (d. 1946)
- November 5 – J. B. S. Haldane, British geneticist (d. 1957)
- November 9 – Erich Auerbach, German philologist (d. 1964)
- November 11 – Isidor Achron, Polish-American Pianist, composer; brother of Joseph Achron.
- November 12 – Guo Moruo, Chinese author and poet (d. 1978)
- November 14 – Dieudonné Costes, French aviator (d. 1973)
- November 16 – Tazio Nuvolari, Italian racing driver (d. 1953)
- November 22 – Emma Tillman, briefly the world's oldest living person and last verified person born in 1892 (d. 2007)
- December 2 – Leo Ornstein, Russian-born composer and pianist (d. 2002)
- December 4 – Francisco Franco, Spanish dictator (d. 1975)
- December 5 – Cyril Ring, American film actor (d. 1967)
- December 6 – Osbert Sitwell, English writer (d. 1969)
- December 8 – Bert Hinkler, Australian pioneer aviator (d. 1933)
- December 12 – Herman Potočnik Noordung, Slovenian rocket engineer (d. 1929)
- December 21 – Amy Key Clarke, English mystical poet (d. 1980)
- December 27 – Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War I flying ace (d. 1917)
- December 29 – Emory Parnell, American actor (d. 1979)
- December 31 – Stanley Price, American film and television actor (d. 1955)
- Gerald Haxton, secretary and lover of W. Somerset Maugham (d. 1944)
- January 8 – Christopher Raymond Perry Rodgers, American admiral (b. 1819)
- January 12 – William Reeves, Irish antiquarian (b. 1815)
- January 14 – Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, second in line for the throne of the United Kingdom (b. 1864)
- January 21 – John Couch Adams, English astronomer (b. 1819)
- January 31 – Charles Spurgeon, English preacher (b. 1834)
- February 5 – Emilie Flygare-Carlén, Swedish novelist (b. 1807)
- February 7 – Andrew Bryson, American admiral (b. 1822)
- February 27 – Louis Vuitton, world-renowned French fashion designer (b. 1821)
- March 13 – Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
- March 16 – Samuel F. Miller, American politician (b. 1827)
- March 26 – Walt Whitman, American poet (b. 1819)
- April 4 – José María Castro Madriz, President of Costa Rica (b. 1818)
- April 19 – Fr. Thomas Pelham Dale SSC, Anglo-Catholic clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (b. 1821)
- April 22 – Edouard Lalo, French composer (b. 1823)
- April 25 – William Backhouse Astor, Jr., American businessman (b. 1830)
- April 26 – Sir Provo William Perry Wallis, British admiral and naval hero
- May 22 – Alexander Campbell, Canadian politician (b. 1822)
- May 29 – Bahá'u'lláh, Persian founder of the Bahá'í Faith (b. 1817)
- June 8 – Robert Ford, assassin of Jesse James (b. 1862)
- June 9 – William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (b. 1863)
- July 30 – Count Joseph Alexander Hübner, Austrian diplomat (b. 1811)
- September 7 – John Greenleaf Whittier, American poet and abolitionist (b. 1807)
- October 6 – Alfred, Lord Tennyson, British poet (b. 1809)
- October 12 – Ernest Renan, French philologist and historian (b. 1823)
- October 23 – Emin Pasha, German doctor and Governor of Equatoria (b. 1840
- October 24 – Mir-Fatah-Agha, Shiite cleric
- October 25 – Caroline Harrison, wife of President Benjamin Harrison (b. 1832)
- December 2 – Jay Gould, American financier (b. 1836)
- December 6 – Werner von Siemens, German inventor and industrialist (b. 1816)
- December 11 – William Milligan, Scottish theologian (b. 1821)
- Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo, Tibetan teacher (b. 1820)